Rugby America

Rugby News & Views From an American Perspective

What Is The Rugby World Cup?

by Tom Crosby

At the first Rugby World Cup in 1987 the version of rugby played, called rugby union, was an amateur sport.  The first World Cup was  meant to be a one off. England was uncertain if they would participate until about 6 weeks before the first match. Interest even in New Zealand, one of the host nations with Australia, could best be described as mild. The opening match was in a less than half full Eden Park. When you read tales from players who were there, it sounds like a good party with some rugby thrown in to work up a thirst. Stories of parties lasting until 4 a.m. or later in the Irish team’s hotel are legendary.

Twenty-four years later the importance of the Rugby World Cup has drastically changed. The  Webb Ellis Cup has become the ultimate trophy a national side can win. Rugby Union became a professional sport in 1995, so most of the players participating in this World Cup are paid professional rugby players.  (There is a version of the sport called rugby league that has been professional since 1895 when these 2 versions of rugby split over the issue of professionalism.)

The South African national team the Springboks, featured in the movie “Invictus”, have recently been playing mostly B-team players in important matches with Australia and New Zealand in the annual Tri-Nations tournament in order to ensure key players are well rested and fit when they begin their quest to become the first team to win three World Cup titles. There have only been six so far, and South Africa was banned from the first two because of the anti-apartheid sport boycott.

The Rugby World Cup is now the 3rd largest sporting event in the world behind soccer’s world cup and the Olympics. If you read any interviews with players who are hoping to make squads to New Zealand this year, it has been their rugby goal for at least 4 years. It is THE rugby tournament and all others fade away in comparison.

On a recent warm August evening biking around Lake Pontchartrain in New Orleans with publisher, Fran Thompson, we stopped in a bar at the beach volleyball courts. Our discussion turned to how aware the average U.S. athlete was of rugby and the Rugby World Cup. We asked the bartender, Jennifer,  a competitive athlete with a world class smile, if she knew what rugby was. Jennifer is a graduate of the University of New Orleans, a university that has had a rugby team off and on since the mid to late 70s. This year the New Orleans Rugby Club were the national division 2 men’s club side champions. There was a big billboard on I-10 by the Industrial Canal congratulating the team on its championship. Jennifer told us she knew about rugby but was unaware that there was a Rugby World Cup. Jennifer then asked, “You wear a glove in rugby, right?”  

You don’t wear a glove in rugby. As a nation we are very unaware of rugby and our national team. The National Guard is a significant contributor to rugby. Our tax dollars support the game. Yet,  most of us are oblivious to the fact that in September our national team will be competing for the most prestigious of rugby trophies, the Webb Ellis Cup.

The USA Eagles have participated in 5 of the 6 previous World Cups and will start participation in the 2011 World Cup with their Sept. 11th kick-off against Ireland. On the 10th anniversary of 9/11  our national team will begin their World Cup campaign  in New Plymouth, New Zealand. Maybe there is some alignment of the stars as our national side begins the tournament  in a New Zealand town with a very similar name to the town where the Pilgrims first settled in the USA and this happens on the 10th anniversary of what many consider the most devastating tragedy in the history of our country.

Are they destined to create their own Invictus-like story and lift the cup?

This probably will not happen.  As a weaker tier 2 side the Eagles have often struggled to be competitive when playing tier 1 sides like South Africa or England. Their 2 World Cup wins have been against Japan in 1987 and 1991. Japan has formed a competitive professional league which has developed strong Japanese players as well as providing employment for foreign players (Kiwis, Aussies, and other Pacific Islanders) who become eligible to play for the  Japanese national side after residing in the country for three years.

In the last World Cup (2007) the USA went winless, losing their pool matches to England, South Africa, Tonga, and Samoa.  The USA fell within a try of beating Samoa on a drizzly night in St. Etienne, France, and was threatening to score as the whistle blew to end the match, but in the other matches the USA never really had a hope. On the plus side the Eagles played the two teams that played in the final, South Africa and England. Although they lost 28-10 to England it was a terrific hard fought match against the team that went on to beat Australia and France in the quarter and semi-finals before losing the Webb Ellis Cup to the South African Springboks in the final.

 This year the USA play Australia, Ireland, Italy, and Russia in their pool matches. The Russian Bears are the Eagles best hope for a win. They beat the Bears 32-25 in June of this year.  Currently the USA and Russia are ranked 18th and 19th in the world respectively. When they face off against each other on Sept. 15th only 4 days after the USA play Ireland, the result will determine for most players on both teams and their rugby savvy supporters who had a successful World Cup even though neither side will come close to lifting the William Web Ellis Cup.

Tom Crosby is current editor of He began his rugby career at Tulane in 1972 and was a founding member of the New Orleans RFC in 1973. His professional career as an international educator allowed him to play for teams in Ecuador, Bahamas, & Venezuela and in 1998 at the age of 45 he played for Ghana in a World Cup qualifier against Togo. You can contact Tom at .

7 comments on “What Is The Rugby World Cup?

  1. Andy Richards
    August 23, 2011

    Great read – thanks

  2. Ali
    August 23, 2011

    Thanks for the read, very informative for a novice like me! 🙂 Where can we watch these games in the US (other than subscribing on

    • Larry Leahy
      August 24, 2011

      with direct tv on universal/nbc channel 625

  3. Larry Leahy
    August 24, 2011

    While i will watch and cheer for the Eagles, I dont believe their fitness level is up to World Cup standards.

    • Benito
      August 24, 2011

      That might be the only thing that is up to World Cup standards. There is probably room for improvement. But I don’t see fitness as the key issue. More is the fundamentals and cohesive team play.

      • Larry Leahy
        August 26, 2011

        Cant disagree on your comments but was very disapointed when they had a chance to win against japan and they were walking to the line up as time was running down.

  4. DeliBelly
    September 5, 2011

    I went to the USA Rugby official website to read more about the 2011 Rugby World Cup. I cringed when I saw the “information” there.

    According to the Event Calendar tab, the four upcoming US games at the tournament are apparently all scheduled for January 8, 1900. USA Rugby ought to look for a new person to manage their website.

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This entry was posted on August 23, 2011 by in Featured, International Rugby, Rugby News, Rugby World Cup.

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